As happens with the hand needles and pins, the scissors complete that essential trio that should not be missing in our sewing box. And, in the same way, scissors are also available for each task or task. In this article we will talk about essential scissors, That you can choose three essentials scissors for your project.
I already said on one occasion, that a good seamstress will always have at least 3 different types of Scissors: an exclusive Scissors for Fabric, a Thread Cutter, and a Scissors to cut the rest of materials.
Remember that the Scissors that are used to cut any other material that is not Fabric (Thread, Pattern Paper, Wadding, Fish-line, Interlining, Felt, etc ...), are quickly dull and lose their usefulness quickly. Therefore, always reserve the best scissors to dedicate exclusively to cut fabric. Only then will we ensure that we always have them well sharpened and they will last us for many years.
Since Scissors are a very useful work tool, I recommend you to buy Good Quality Scissors. Provided that minimal care is followed, good Scissors can last us a lifetime, or even leave them as an inheritance to our children. The only maintenance you need good Scissors is: be cleaned with a soft dry cloth before storing them in a bag or case. Oil them from time to time the adjusting screw of its leaves. And take them to a qualified professional to sharpen them or do it we ourselves buying a sharpener (when needed).
Las Tijeras is not a tool different from other products and has evolved over the years. At present we can find different sizes, shapes, types of sheets and finishes ... Suitable for all tastes and needs!. Along with the existing classic lines, The big brands have released ranges of Professional Scissors with blades made of high-quality stainless steel resistant to corrosion, or with robust sheets coated with Titanium Nitride (PVD technique) to increase its hardness. Ergonomic scissors with force reduction system. Micro serial sharpening scissors to avoid slipping fine fabrics when cut (silk, artificial fibers) etc. Antifatigue scissors with soft handles.
As a general rule, we must choose a size of Scissors according to the size of our hands (short leaves for small hands, and long leaves for large hands). A sewing professional will always have all-steel scissors, which are ideal for cutting thick fabrics. The lighter models with plastic handles are suitable for people who do not sew too often and/or for thin fabrics.
Next, I will briefly explain the most important types of Scissors that exist in the market and their uses.
Scissors Castellanos Or Of Sewing Common:
They are the most known Scissors because they are very useful in normal sewing tasks (cutting excess fabric, cutting corners). Manufactured entirely in high-quality hot-forged carbon steel, they have a straight twin handle, as well as asymmetric tips (one rounded and the other pointed). Available in a wide variety of sizes ranging from 10-17.5cm. / 4-7 "in length, the most practical are the 15cm or 6" scissors.
They keep the same design for both right-handed and left-handed people, varying only the cut. Also available with Punta Roma or Rounded, which allows cutting only the first layer when working with several thicknesses of fabric.
Snip Scissors, Weavers, Or Thread Cutters:
Essential to perform the arduous task of reviewing and cutting the excess thread, since they are more comfortable than normal scissors and safer than the Chisel. Not larger than the size of the palm of our hand. They generally do not have room for the fingers since they are held and used from the leaves themselves (which are freely moving). Of very economic price, exists in the market a great variety of designs (Normal, Ergonomic, with cover ...), and manufactured in different materials
Embroidery Scissors Or High Accuracy:
Gene are ralmente manufactured in Carbon Steel and nickel - plated cold stamping. With a size around 9-10cm./3,5-4 "in length, they have very sharp and pointed leaves that can end up straight or curved, although they owe their existence to embroidery. They are also useful in Sewing works that require a lot of precision, available in very different designs, are usually collected.
Double Curvature Special Embroidery Scissors :
The special shape of the neck of this precision scissors makes it possible to work with all kinds of embroidery frames (by hand and/or in embroidery sewing machines); as well as to reach areas of difficult access such as under the presser foot or the embroidery foot.
The double curved shape prevents our hands from touching the fabric, prevents deterioration of the fabric and embroidery when used, and makes its cutting force so precise that it guarantees a perfect cut even at the ends of its tips.
Manufactured entirely in Nickel-Plated Steel, they are very similar to the Castellanos Scissors (both in versatility and comfort of use, as aesthetically). Of variable measures 15-20cm./6-8 ", they have an Asymmetric straight handle with a small circular housing for the thumb and a larger oval to place the heart and ring fingers. Available for left-handed models.
Scissors Shears Or Sastre:
Of high quality and almost exclusive use by professionals in the field. They are manufactured in Stainless Steel forged in hot or with robust sheets covered with Titanium. S in the largest of all, since they measure between 18-30cm./7-12 "in length. Its handle is inclined at an angle that allows cutting the fabric when it is on the table, making it easier and faster cutting. P Ocean a gap smaller circle to accommodate the thumb and higher for the other fingers. available special models for left (depending on the manufacturer).
There are 3 variants within this group: Sastre Scissors, Tailor Scissors, and American Tailor Scissors. The difference between them is none other than the degree of inclination of the handle and the length. Both for its quality and its usefulness, this type of scissors are undoubtedly the most desired and its price is very high.
Scissors Dentadas Or Of Cut In Zig-Zag:
It is a specialized type of Scissors that realize a cut in the form of Zig-Zag. Used above all to cut the edges or edges of the fabrics, it makes the task of overcasting the edge of the fabric unnecessary so that it does not fray.
They are also useful when working with certain types of synthetic and knit fabrics because they allow us to have more control over your cut. They form a very valuable type of scissors, especially in the sewing of garments. Although they are also used in works with Felt and other similar materials. Available in various sizes 17.5-21.5cm. / 7-8 ".
They are used, as their name indicates, in Application works. Manufactured entirely in metal, they have a regular blade and a rounded one (the rounded blade is held against the fabric sliding between the layers to be cut, while the pointed blade is kept on the fabric and makes the cut). This specific design prevents fabric and/or application deterioration, and offers a professional finish for applications, trimmings, etc.
D Escosedor Or Abreojales:
It's not really a Tijera proper, but it is necessary to remove wrong seams, open buttonholes, and remove stitches quickly. It must be used with care to avoid damaging the fabric.
Destined to cut different materials such as Paper, Cardboard, Felt, Plastic ... etc. They have spare parts of leaves with different shapes to make decorative cuts with original motifs. Although in traditional sewing they are not very useful, new trends do demand them. But, above all, this type of scissors is closely linked to crafts such as Scrapbooking, work with Rubber Eva, Felt, etc.
Everyone knows how to write, but not everyone takes the ballpoint correctly. With the Scissors the same thing happens more or less. Scissors have a way of being used, although not everyone does it well.
To correctly pick up a Scissors you just have to follow the following simple premises:
1. In the upper hole of the handle, we will always place the thumb finger (commonly called the big toe).
2. We will leave the index finger free to act as a guide.
3. In the lower hole of the handle, we will place the remaining fingers that fit (Heart, Ring, and Pink). Depending on the size of the lower hole of the scissors, and the thickness of our fingers, we can accommodate one, two, or even the remaining 3 fingers.
Unfortunately, I have been able to see how many people take the Scissors wrong. Even going to demonstration videos or advertising of major brands, you can clearly see the errors. Around 80% of the population does NOT correctly take the Scissors. Now, this is a bad habit learned in childhood, which is difficult to correct when you are an adult.
In Spain, the Tijeras brand " 3-Claveles " have been for generations synonymous with quality and durability. I think we all remember Scissors of that brand in the sewing boxes of our mothers or grandmothers. Currently, there are other brands of equal or superior quality and prestige.
For information purposes, I would also like to emphasize the international brand Fiskars (Finland). Only she is responsible for those scissors that we all recognize for their characteristic orange color on the handles (color Fiskars-Orange ® registered as a trademark) Currently.
They have launched a novelty called " ServoCut ™ ": the evolutionary mechanism by which, the blades are not diverted to offer a cutting efficiency multiplied by 2; which makes them suitable for comfortably cutting several layers of thick fabrics.
And do not forget to discard those scissors that are rusty, blunt, crooked, or that present their jagged leaves. It's no use having a Scissors that will only spoil our jobs and will not adequately fulfill the function for which they were purchased.